New process yields oxide perovskite crystals in flexible, free-standing layers

Researchers at the University of California, Irvine and other institutions have developed a new process for producing oxide perovskite crystals in flexible, free-standing layers.

“Through our successful fabrication of ultrathin perovskite oxides down to the monolayer limit, we’ve created a new class of two-dimensional materials,” said co-author Xiaoqing Pan, professor of materials science & engineering at UCI. “Since these crystals have strongly correlated effects, we anticipate they will exhibit qualities similar to graphene that will be foundational to next-generation energy and information technologies.”

Researchers demonstrate high light extraction efficiency of perovskite photonic crystals

Researchers at NTU, lead by Assoc. Prof. Wang Hong, recently demonstrated high light extraction efficiency of perovskite photonic crystals fabricated by delicate electron-beam lithography.

Researchers demonstrate high light extraction efficiency of perovskite photonic crystals image

The perovskite photonic crystals exhibit both emission rate inhibition and light energy redistribution simultaneously. They observed 7.9-fold reduction of spontaneous emission rate with a slower decay in perovskite photonic crystals due to photonic bandgap effect (PBG).

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Researchers develop a cryogenic process for PSC production without anti-solvents

Researchers from Nazarbayev University in Kazakhstan and Hong Kong Polytechnic University have demonstrated a new 4-step process including (i) spin-coating of the precursors; (ii) cryogenic treatment; (iii) blow-dry process for the removal of the solvent; and (iv) thermal annealing. This process is a straightforward and effective technique which can yield homogenous perovskite films without the use of anti-solvents and regardless of the complexity of the precursor compositions.

Researchers develop a cryogenic process for PSC production without anti-solvents image

When mixed perovskite precursor solutions are evaporated, usually non-uniform films with poor morphology are obtained due to coalescence of perovskite crystallites during rapid solvent removal. Therefore, anti-solvents are usually used to preapare mixed perovskite thin films. However, this technique is not convenient for large-scale manufacturing in industry since the final perovskite film quality critically depends on multiple parameters while adding the anti-solvent. Inaccurate control of the mixing process will cause gradients in over-saturation of the precursor solution, leading to spatially inhomogeneous nucleation of the perovskite and deterioration of the resultant film quality. Furthermore, commonly used anti-solvents such as chlorobenzene or toluene are environmentally harmful and highly toxic. The team's new method circumvents these issues and offers an improved alternative that enhances the control over the perovskite growth process, decoupling the nucleation and crystallization phases.

Penn State team gains new insight into how halide perovskite materials enable the efficient conversion of sunlight into electricity

Researchers at Penn State have gained new insight into how halide perovskite materials enable the efficient conversion of sunlight into electricity.

Penn State team gains new insight into how halide perovskite materials enable the efficient conversion of sunlight into electricity image

Scientists state that halide perovskites tend to have a unique tolerance for imperfections in their structures, which allows them to efficiently convert sunlight into electricity when other materials with similar imperfections do not. What makes these materials so tolerant of imperfections, however, was unknown prior to this study. The researchers used ultrafast infrared imaging technology to investigate how the structure and composition of these materials influence their ability to convert sunlight into electricity.