Duke team modulates the properties of organic semiconducting building blocks incorporated between layers of perovskites

Scientists at Duke University have used their electronic structure based materials modeling software on a supercomputer to help demonstrate the advantages of incorporating organic building blocks into hybrid perovskites.

The models showed that the new materials feature improved stability and safety while exhibiting a “quantum well” behavior that can improve the performance of optoelectronic devices such as solar cells, LEDs and optical computers, making the hybrid perovskites more attractive for use in a broad range of applications.

Researchers develop a way to analyze which materials in perovskite solar cells harvest the most energy

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University and Singapore's NTU, in collaboration with the University of Groningen (UG) in the Netherlands, have developed a method to analyze which pairs of materials in perovskite solar cells will harvest the most energy.

In their recent study, physicists Professor Sum Tze Chien from NTU and Professor Maxim Pshenichnikov from UG used extremely fast lasers to observe how an energy barrier forms when perovskite is joined with a material that extracts the electrical charges to make a solar cell.

China-based team develops high efficiency perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells

A research group led by Prof. Liu Shengzhong from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Prof. Yang Dong at Shaanxi Normal University have developed high efficiency semi-transparent perovskite solar cells by using MoO3 sandwiched gold nanomesh (MoO3/Au/MoO3) multilayer as the transparent electrode. Combined with a superior heterojunction silicon solar cell, a high efficiency four-terminal perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell was obtained.

Tandem/multijunction structure has been proven to be an effective way to break the Shockley-Queisser limit. To obtain a high efficiency tandem solar cell, the key is to fabricate transparent electrode with high conductivity as well as high transparency through a mild method.

KAUST team adds organic dopants to stabilize perovskite solar cells

Researchers at Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah University of Science and Technology have demonstrated a method that could improve the stability of perovskite solar cells. The group found adding an organic dopant served to increase the strength of chemical bonds between organic and inorganic elements of a perovskite.

Stabilizing perovskite solar cells would solve a key issue that s currently delaying commercialization of PSCs and could provide a more comprehensive solution than other approaches which center on managing perovksite’s inherent instability in the atmosphere by encapsulating them. Another recent study, from Rice University in the United States, found adding indium in an all-inorganic perovskite limited defects and improved stability.

HZB team deepens understanding of hybrid halide perovskites

Researchers from Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), headed by Prof. Susan Schorr and Dr. Joachim Breternitz, have achieved a breakthrough in understanding the crystalline structure of hybrid halide perovskites. The team investigated crystalline samples of methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3), the most prominent representative of this class of materials, at the Diamond Light Source synchrotron (DLS) in the United Kingdom using high-resolution single-crystal diffraction. This approach provided data for a more in-depth analysis of the crystalline structure of this material.

They were also able to clarify, whether ferroelectric effects are possible at all in this hybrid halide perovskite. Ferroelectric domains can have favorable effects in solar cells and increase their efficiency. However, measuring this effect in samples is difficult - a null result can mean that there is either no ferroelectric effect or that the ferroelectric domains cancel one another's effects out.

Rice team uses inorganic ingredients to limit defects in perovskite solar cells

Rice University researchers have overcome a major hurdle standing between perovskite-based solar cells and commercialization.

Through the strategic use of the element indium to replace some of the lead in perovskites, Rice materials scientist Jun Lou and his colleagues at the Brown School of Engineering say they’re better able to engineer the defects in cesium-lead-iodide solar cells that affect the compound’s band gap, a critical property in solar cell efficiency.